In statistics, the median is a middle value of a dataset that is arranged in the order from smallest to largest. It is a useful measure of central tendency that is less sensitive to outliers than the mean. If you have a dataset in Excel, you can calculate the median using a few simple steps.
In this article, we will discuss how to calculate the median in Excel using the MEDIAN function. We will also provide some examples to illustrate the process.
To calculate the median in Excel, you can use the MEDIAN function, which is a builtin function in Excel that calculates the median of a dataset. The general syntax of the MEDIAN function is as follows:
How to Calculate Median Excel
Follow these steps to calculate the median in Excel using the MEDIAN function:
 Select the dataset: Select the cells that contain the data for which you want to calculate the median.
 Click on the “Formulas” tab: In the Excel ribbon, click on the “Formulas” tab.
 Find the MEDIAN function: In the “Function Library” group, click on the “Statistical” function and then select the “MEDIAN” function.
 Enter the cell range: In the “Number1” field, enter the cell range that contains the data for which you want to calculate the median.
 Press Enter: Press the “Enter” key to calculate the median.
 Read the result: The median value will be displayed in the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function.
 Handle empty cells: If your dataset contains empty cells, use the MEDIAN function with the “IGNORE” argument to exclude them from the calculation.
 Use conditional formatting: Apply conditional formatting to quickly identify the median value in your dataset.
The MEDIAN function is a versatile tool for calculating the median of a dataset in Excel. By following these simple steps, you can easily find the median value of your data.
Select the dataset: Select the cells that contain the data for which you want to calculate the median.
The first step in calculating the median in Excel using the MEDIAN function is to select the dataset for which you want to find the median value. The dataset can be a range of cells containing numerical values or a list of values separated by commas or semicolons.
To select the dataset, follow these steps:
 Open the Excel worksheet that contains the dataset.
 Click on the first cell in the range of cells that contains the data.
 Hold down the Shift key and click on the last cell in the range of cells.
 All the cells in the range will be highlighted.
You can also select the dataset by clicking and dragging the mouse over the cells that contain the data.
Once you have selected the dataset, you can proceed to the next step, which is to insert the MEDIAN function into a cell.
Tip: If your dataset contains empty cells or cells with text values, you can use the MEDIAN function with the “IGNORE” argument to exclude them from the calculation. The syntax of the MEDIAN function with the “IGNORE” argument is as follows:
=MEDIAN(IGNORE(cell_range))
For example, if your dataset is in the range A1:A10 and you want to exclude empty cells from the calculation, you would use the following formula:
=MEDIAN(IGNORE(A1:A10))
Click on the “Formulas” tab: In the Excel ribbon, click on the “Formulas” tab.
Once you have selected the dataset for which you want to calculate the median, the next step is to insert the MEDIAN function into a cell.
 Locate the “Formulas” tab: In the Excel ribbon, locate the “Formulas” tab. It is usually located next to the “Home” tab.
 Click on the “Formulas” tab: Click on the “Formulas” tab to open the Formulas ribbon.
 Find the “Function Library” group: In the Formulas ribbon, locate the “Function Library” group. It is usually located on the left side of the ribbon.
 Click on the “Statistical” button: In the “Function Library” group, click on the “Statistical” button to open the Statistical functions dropdown list.
Now that you have opened the Statistical functions dropdown list, you can proceed to the next step, which is to select the MEDIAN function.
Find the MEDIAN function: In the “Function Library” group, click on the “Statistical” function and then select the “MEDIAN” function.
Now that you have opened the Statistical functions dropdown list, the next step is to select the MEDIAN function.
To select the MEDIAN function:
 Scroll down the list: Scroll down the list of statistical functions until you find the MEDIAN function.
 Click on the “MEDIAN” function: Once you have found the MEDIAN function, click on it to select it.
 The MEDIAN function dialog box will appear: The MEDIAN function dialog box will appear, prompting you to enter the cell range or array for which you want to calculate the median.
You can now proceed to the next step, which is to enter the cell range or array for which you want to calculate the median.
Tip: If you want to calculate the median of a list of values separated by commas or semicolons, you can enter the list directly into the “Number1” field of the MEDIAN function dialog box. For example, if you want to calculate the median of the values 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, you would enter the following into the “Number1” field:
=MEDIAN(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
Enter the cell range: In the “Number1” field, enter the cell range that contains the data for which you want to calculate the median.
Now that you have selected the MEDIAN function, the next step is to enter the cell range or array for which you want to calculate the median.
 Locate the “Number1” field: In the MEDIAN function dialog box, locate the “Number1” field. It is usually the first field in the dialog box.

Enter the cell range: In the “Number1” field, enter the cell range that contains the data for which you want to calculate the median. You can enter the cell range in one of the following ways:
 Type the cell range directly into the field, using the following format:
A1:A10
 Click on the small arrow button next to the field to open the Select Range dialog box. Then, select the cell range that you want to use.
 Type the cell range directly into the field, using the following format:
 Click on the “OK” button: Once you have entered the cell range, click on the “OK” button to close the MEDIAN function dialog box.
The MEDIAN function will now calculate the median of the data in the specified cell range and display the result in the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function.
Press Enter: Press the “Enter” key to calculate the median.
Once you have entered the cell range or array for which you want to calculate the median, the next step is to press the “Enter” key.
 Locate the “Enter” key: On your keyboard, locate the “Enter” key. It is usually located on the bottomright corner of the keyboard, next to the “Shift” key.
 Press the “Enter” key: Press the “Enter” key to calculate the median. This will close the MEDIAN function dialog box and display the median value in the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function.
The median value will be displayed in the following format:
=MEDIAN(cell_range)
For example, if you entered the cell range A1:A10 in the MEDIAN function dialog box, the median value would be displayed as follows:
=MEDIAN(A1:A10)
Read the result: The median value will be displayed in the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function.
Once you have pressed the “Enter” key, the median value will be displayed in the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function.

Locate the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function: Locate the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function. This is the cell that contains the formula
=MEDIAN(cell_range)
.  Look at the value in the cell: Look at the value in the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function. This is the median value of the data in the specified cell range.

The median value will be displayed in the following format: The median value will be displayed in the following format:
 If the median value is a whole number, it will be displayed without any decimal places.
 If the median value is a decimal number, it will be displayed with two decimal places.
 For example: If you calculated the median of the values 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, the median value would be displayed as 3.00.
The median value is now available for you to use in your calculations or analysis.
Handle empty cells: If your dataset contains empty cells, use the MEDIAN function with the “IGNORE” argument to exclude them from the calculation.
If your dataset contains empty cells, you can use the MEDIAN function with the “IGNORE” argument to exclude them from the calculation. The “IGNORE” argument tells the MEDIAN function to ignore any empty cells in the specified cell range.
To use the MEDIAN function with the “IGNORE” argument:
 Open the MEDIAN function dialog box: In the Excel ribbon, click on the “Formulas” tab and then click on the “Statistical” button. In the Statistical functions dropdown list, select the “MEDIAN” function.
 Enter the cell range: In the “Number1” field, enter the cell range that contains the data for which you want to calculate the median. You can enter the cell range in one of the following ways:
 Type the cell range directly into the field, using the following format:
A1:A10
 Click on the small arrow button next to the field to open the Select Range dialog box. Then, select the cell range that you want to use.
Enter the “IGNORE” argument: In the “Function arguments” section of the MEDIAN function dialog box, locate the “Ignore_empty” argument. Select the “TRUE” option for this argument. Click on the “OK” button: Click on the “OK” button to close the MEDIAN function dialog box.
The MEDIAN function will now calculate the median of the data in the specified cell range, excluding any empty cells. The median value will be displayed in the cell where you entered the MEDIAN function.
Tip: You can also use the IFERROR function to handle empty cells in the MEDIAN function. The IFERROR function allows you to specify a value to be returned if the MEDIAN function encounters an error. For example, the following formula would return the value 0 if the MEDIAN function encounters an error:
=IFERROR(MEDIAN(A1:A10), 0)
Use conditional formatting: Apply conditional formatting to quickly identify the median value in your dataset.
Once you have calculated the median value, you can use conditional formatting to quickly identify it in your dataset.
 Select the dataset: Select the dataset that contains the median value.
 Apply conditional formatting: In the Excel ribbon, click on the “Home” tab and then click on the “Conditional Formatting” button. In the Conditional Formatting dropdown list, select the “New Rule” option.
 Select the rule type: In the New Formatting Rule dialog box, select the “Format only cells that contain” rule type.
 Specify the condition: In the “Format only cells that contain” section, select the “Equal to” condition and then enter the median value in the field next to it. For example, if the median value is 5, you would enter 5 in the field.
 Select the formatting style: In the “Format with” section, select the formatting style that you want to apply to the cells that contain the median value. For example, you could choose to highlight the cells in green or bold the text.
 Click on the “OK” button: Click on the “OK” button to close the New Formatting Rule dialog box.
The conditional formatting will now be applied to the dataset. The cells that contain the median value will be highlighted with the formatting style that you selected.
FAQ
Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about using a calculator:
Question 1: What is a calculator?
Answer 1: A calculator is an electronic device that performs arithmetic operations. It can be used to perform basic calculations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, as well as more complex calculations such as percentages, exponents, and trigonometric functions.
Question 2: What are the different types of calculators?
Answer 2: There are many different types of calculators available, including basic calculators, scientific calculators, graphing calculators, and financial calculators. Each type of calculator has its own unique features and functions.
Question 3: How do I use a calculator?
Answer 3: The specific instructions for using a calculator will vary depending on the type of calculator that you are using. However, most calculators have a similar basic layout. The keys are typically arranged in a grid, with the numbers 09 along the bottom row. The arithmetic operators (+, , x, and ÷) are usually located in the middle of the keyboard. There may also be keys for other functions, such as percentages, exponents, and trigonometric functions.
Question 4: What are some tips for using a calculator?
Answer 4: Here are a few tips for using a calculator:
 Read the instructions for your calculator carefully before using it.
 Enter numbers and operators in the correct order.
 Use parentheses to group numbers and operators together.
 Check your calculations carefully before pressing the “=” key.
Question 5: What are some common mistakes that people make when using a calculator?
Answer 5: Some common mistakes that people make when using a calculator include:
 Entering numbers and operators in the wrong order.
 Forgetting to use parentheses.
 Making typos.
 Not checking their calculations carefully.
Question 6: Where can I find a calculator?
Answer 6: Calculators can be purchased at most office supply stores and electronics stores. You can also find online calculators that you can use on your computer or mobile device.
Closing Paragraph:
Calculators are a valuable tool for performing mathematical calculations. By understanding the basics of how to use a calculator, you can avoid common mistakes and ensure that your calculations are accurate.
Here are some additional tips for using a calculator effectively:
Tips
Here are some additional tips for using a calculator effectively:
Tip 1: Use the right calculator for the job.
There are many different types of calculators available, each with its own unique features and functions. For basic calculations, a simple calculator will suffice. For more complex calculations, you may need a scientific calculator or a graphing calculator.
Tip 2: Learn the basics of calculator operation.
Most calculators have a similar basic layout. The keys are typically arranged in a grid, with the numbers 09 along the bottom row. The arithmetic operators (+, , x, and ÷) are usually located in the middle of the keyboard. There may also be keys for other functions, such as percentages, exponents, and trigonometric functions. Read the instructions for your calculator carefully before using it.
Tip 3: Use parentheses to group numbers and operators together.
Parentheses can be used to group numbers and operators together in a specific order. This can be helpful for complex calculations or when you need to override the default order of operations. For example, the following calculation would give a different result if parentheses were not used:
10  5 + 3
Without parentheses, the calculator would first perform the subtraction (10 – 5 = 5) and then add 3 (5 + 3 = 8). However, if we use parentheses to group the numbers and operators as follows, the calculator would first perform the addition (5 + 3 = 8) and then subtract 10 (8 – 10 = 2):
(10  (5 + 3))
Tip 4: Check your calculations carefully.
It is important to check your calculations carefully before pressing the “=” key. This will help you to avoid mistakes. You can check your calculations by performing them manually or by using a different calculator.
Closing Paragraph:
By following these tips, you can use a calculator effectively and avoid common mistakes. Calculators are a valuable tool for performing mathematical calculations, and by using them correctly, you can ensure that your calculations are accurate.
In conclusion, calculators are a powerful tool that can be used to perform a wide variety of mathematical calculations. By understanding the basics of how to use a calculator and by following these tips, you can use a calculator effectively and avoid common mistakes.
Conclusion
Calculators are a powerful tool that can be used to perform a wide variety of mathematical calculations. They are used by students, scientists, engineers, and many other professionals on a daily basis.
In this article, we have discussed the basics of how to use a calculator, including how to enter numbers and operators, how to use parentheses, and how to check your calculations. We have also provided some tips for using a calculator effectively, such as using the right calculator for the job, learning the basics of calculator operation, and checking your calculations carefully.
By understanding the basics of how to use a calculator and by following these tips, you can use a calculator effectively and avoid common mistakes. Calculators can be a valuable tool for performing mathematical calculations, and by using them correctly, you can ensure that your calculations are accurate.
Closing Message:
Whether you are a student, a scientist, an engineer, or a professional in any other field, a calculator can be a valuable tool for performing mathematical calculations. By understanding the basics of how to use a calculator and by following the tips in this article, you can use a calculator effectively and avoid common mistakes.