In the realm of basketball analytics, measuring player efficiency is crucial for evaluating individual and team performance. One key metric that serves this purpose is True Shooting Percentage (TSP). TSP is a comprehensive measure that takes into account not just field goals but also free throws and threepointers to accurately assess a player’s overall scoring efficiency.
This comprehensive guide will delve into the details of True Shooting Percentage, including its formula, interpretation, and significance in evaluating player performance. Additionally, we will provide a stepbystep guide on how to calculate True Shooting Percentage using realworld examples.
Before delving into the details, let’s first understand the underlying concept behind True Shooting Percentage. It attempts to quantify a player’s ability to score from all areas of the court. Unlike traditional field goal percentage, which only considers field goals, TSP takes into account the value of threepointers and free throws. This ensures that players who are efficient at converting these highvalue shots are also fairly evaluated.
True Shooting Percentage Calculator
Accurately measures shooting efficiency.
 Considers field goals, free throws, and threepointers.
 Values shots based on their difficulty and value.
 Provides a more comprehensive evaluation.
 Helps identify efficient scorers.
 Useful for player comparisons.
 Applicable in various basketball leagues and levels.
 Easy to calculate using simple formula.
 Available online as a convenient tool.
By utilizing True Shooting Percentage, coaches, analysts, and fans can gain a deeper understanding of player performance, identify strengths and weaknesses, and make informed decisions regarding team strategy and player selection.
Considers Field Goals, Free Throws, and ThreePointers.
True Shooting Percentage (TSP) stands out from traditional field goal percentage by incorporating not only field goals but also free throws and threepointers into its calculation. This comprehensive approach provides a more accurate assessment of a player’s overall scoring efficiency.
Field goals, the most common type of shot in basketball, are worth two points. Free throws, awarded for fouls committed by the opposing team, are worth one point. Threepointers, also known as shots made from beyond the threepoint line, are worth three points. TSP takes into account the different values of these shots, assigning appropriate weightage to each.
By considering all three types of shots, TSP provides a holistic view of a player’s scoring ability. It rewards players who are efficient at converting highvalue shots, such as threepointers, while also recognizing the value of consistent free throw shooting.
The formula for calculating TSP is:
TSP = (Points Scored / (2 * Field Goal Attempts + 0.44 * Free Throw Attempts)) * 100
This formula takes into account the number of points scored, field goal attempts, and free throw attempts. The constant 0.44 is used to adjust for the fact that free throws are generally easier to make than field goals.
Values Shots Based on Their Difficulty and Value.
True Shooting Percentage (TSP) recognizes that not all shots are created equal. It assigns different values to shots based on their difficulty and the likelihood of making them.
Threepointers are generally considered the most difficult shots in basketball, so they are assigned a higher value. Field goals are worth two points, but TSP adjusts their value based on the distance from the basket. Shots taken closer to the basket are easier to make, so they are assigned a lower value than shots taken further away.
Free throws are generally the easiest shots in basketball, so they are assigned the lowest value. However, TSP still takes into account the importance of free throws by including them in the calculation.
By assigning different values to shots based on their difficulty and value, TSP provides a more accurate assessment of a player’s scoring efficiency. It rewards players who are able to consistently make difficult shots, while also recognizing the value of efficient free throw shooting.
Here’s an example to illustrate how TSP values shots based on their difficulty and value:
 Player A makes 10 twopoint field goals, 5 threepointers, and 5 free throws.
 Player B makes 15 twopoint field goals and 10 free throws.
Using the TSP formula, we can calculate the TSP for each player:
Player A: TSP = [(20 + 15 + 5) / (2 * 20 + 0.44 * 10)] * 100 = [40 / (40 + 4.4)] * 100 = [40 / 44.4] * 100 = 90.1% Player B: TSP = [(30 + 10) / (2 * 25 + 0.44 * 10)] * 100 = [40 / (50 + 4.4)] * 100 = [40 / 54.4] * 100 = 73.5%
In this example, Player A has a higher TSP than Player B, even though Player B made more field goals. This is because Player A made more threepointers, which are assigned a higher value in the TSP calculation.
Provides a More Comprehensive Evaluation.
Traditional field goal percentage is a commonly used metric for evaluating a player’s shooting ability. However, it has several limitations. Field goal percentage only considers field goals made and attempts, ignoring free throws and threepointers.
Free throws are an important part of the game, and players who are good at drawing fouls and converting free throws can have a significant impact on their team’s success. Threepointers are also becoming increasingly important in modern basketball, as they offer teams a chance to score more points in a single possession.
True Shooting Percentage (TSP) addresses the limitations of field goal percentage by incorporating all three types of shots: field goals, free throws, and threepointers. This provides a more comprehensive evaluation of a player’s shooting efficiency.
By taking into account all three types of shots, TSP is able to identify players who are efficient scorers from all over the court. It rewards players who are able to consistently make difficult shots, while also recognizing the value of efficient free throw shooting.
Here’s an example to illustrate how TSP provides a more comprehensive evaluation:
 Player A makes 40% of his field goals, 30% of his threepointers, and 80% of his free throws.
 Player B makes 50% of his field goals, 20% of his threepointers, and 70% of his free throws.
Using the TSP formula, we can calculate the TSP for each player:
Player A: TSP = [(40 + 30 + 80) / (2 * 100 + 0.44 * 100)] * 100 = [150 / (200 + 44)] * 100 = [150 / 244] * 100 = 61.5% Player B: TSP = [(50 + 20 + 70) / (2 * 100 + 0.44 * 100)] * 100 = [140 / (200 + 44)] * 100 = [140 / 244] * 100 = 57.4%
In this example, Player A has a higher TSP than Player B, even though Player B has a higher field goal percentage. This is because Player A is more efficient at making threepointers and free throws.
Helps Identify Efficient Scorers.
One of the primary benefits of True Shooting Percentage (TSP) is its ability to identify efficient scorers. By taking into account all three types of shots: field goals, free throws, and threepointers, TSP provides a more accurate assessment of a player’s overall scoring efficiency.
TSP is particularly useful for identifying players who are efficient at scoring from all areas of the court. Players who are able to consistently make difficult shots, such as threepointers, while also being efficient at converting free throws, will have a high TSP.
TSP can also be used to identify players who are efficient in specific situations. For example, a player who is particularly good at scoring in the post may have a high TSP when shooting near the basket, even if their overall TSP is not as high.
By identifying efficient scorers, coaches and analysts can make more informed decisions about player selection and playing time. They can also use TSP to identify players who may be undervalued or overlooked due to their traditional field goal percentage.
Here are some examples of efficient scorers who have high TSPs:
 Stephen Curry: 66.9% TSP in the 202223 season
 Kevin Durant: 63.5% TSP in the 202223 season
 Giannis Antetokounmpo: 63.1% TSP in the 202223 season
 LeBron James: 61.3% TSP in the 202223 season
 Nikola Jokic: 60.7% TSP in the 202223 season
These players are all highly efficient scorers who are able to consistently make shots from all over the court.
Useful for Player Comparisons.
True Shooting Percentage (TSP) is a valuable tool for comparing players and evaluating their shooting efficiency. By providing a single metric that takes into account all three types of shots: field goals, free throws, and threepointers, TSP allows for more accurate and meaningful comparisons between players.
TSP can be used to compare players within the same team, across different teams, and even across different eras. This makes it a versatile metric that can be used for a variety of purposes, including:
 Identifying the most efficient scorers in the league
 Evaluating the impact of a player’s shooting on their team’s success
 Comparing the shooting efficiency of players with different playing styles
 Tracking the shooting efficiency of players over time
Player comparisons using TSP can also help identify players who may be undervalued or overlooked due to their traditional field goal percentage. For example, a player with a high TSP but a low field goal percentage may be a good threepoint shooter or free throw shooter, which can be valuable to a team.
Here are some examples of how TSP can be used for player comparisons:
 In the 202223 season, Stephen Curry had a TSP of 66.9%, while LeBron James had a TSP of 61.3%. This shows that Curry was a more efficient scorer than James, even though James had a higher field goal percentage (50.6% vs. 49.3%).
 In the 202122 season, Nikola Jokic had a TSP of 64.7%, while Joel Embiid had a TSP of 63.6%. This shows that Jokic was a more efficient scorer than Embiid, even though Embiid had a higher field goal percentage (49.9% vs. 48.5%).
These examples illustrate how TSP can be used to identify the most efficient scorers in the league and to compare the shooting efficiency of players with different playing styles.
Applicable in Various Basketball Leagues and Levels.
True Shooting Percentage (TSP) is a versatile metric that can be applied to various basketball leagues and levels, from the NBA to college basketball to international leagues.
This is because TSP is a measure of a player’s shooting efficiency, which is a fundamental aspect of the game that is consistent across different leagues and levels. TSP takes into account all three types of shots: field goals, free throws, and threepointers, which makes it a reliable metric for comparing players and evaluating their shooting ability.
TSP can be used by coaches, analysts, and fans to gain insights into player performance and team strategies. It can also be used to identify undervalued players and to make more informed decisions about player selection and playing time.
Here are some examples of how TSP is used in various basketball leagues and levels:
 In the NBA, TSP is used by teams to evaluate players during the draft and free agency. It is also used by coaches to make decisions about player rotations and playing time.
 In college basketball, TSP is used by coaches to evaluate recruits and to develop game plans for opposing teams. It is also used by fans to compare players and to track the performance of their favorite teams.
 In international basketball, TSP is used by teams to select players for national teams and to compare players from different countries. It is also used by fans to follow the performance of their favorite players and teams.
Overall, TSP is a valuable metric that can be used to evaluate player shooting efficiency in various basketball leagues and levels. Its versatility and applicability make it a useful tool for coaches, analysts, and fans alike.
Easy to Calculate Using Simple Formula.
True Shooting Percentage (TSP) is not only a valuable metric for evaluating player shooting efficiency, but it is also easy to calculate using a simple formula:
TSP = (Points Scored / (2 * Field Goal Attempts + 0.44 * Free Throw Attempts)) * 100
This formula takes into account the number of points scored, field goal attempts, and free throw attempts. The constant 0.44 is used to adjust for the fact that free throws are generally easier to make than field goals.
To calculate a player’s TSP, simply plug their statistics into the formula. For example, if a player scores 20 points, attempts 10 field goals, and makes 5 free throws, their TSP would be:
TSP = (20 / (2 * 10 + 0.44 * 5)) * 100 = (20 / (20 + 2.2)) * 100 = (20 / 22.2) * 100 = 90.1%
As you can see, the formula is straightforward and easy to use. This makes it accessible to coaches, analysts, and fans alike, even those without a strong background in mathematics.
Here are some additional points to note about the TSP formula:
 The formula can be used to calculate TSP for individual players, teams, or even entire leagues.
 TSP can be calculated for any period of time, such as a single game, a season, or a player’s career.
 There are many online calculators available that can automatically calculate TSP for you, making it even easier to use this metric.
Overall, TSP is a valuable and easytouse metric that can provide valuable insights into player shooting efficiency.
Available Online as a Convenient Tool.
In addition to being easy to calculate using a simple formula, True Shooting Percentage (TSP) is also available online as a convenient tool. This makes it even easier to use this metric to evaluate player shooting efficiency.

Online TSP Calculators:
There are many online calculators available that can automatically calculate TSP for you. Simply enter a player’s statistics, such as points scored, field goal attempts, and free throw attempts, and the calculator will do the rest. This saves you the time and hassle of calculating TSP manually.

Player Comparison Tools:
Some websites and apps offer player comparison tools that allow you to compare the TSP of different players. This can be useful for identifying players who are efficient scorers and for evaluating the impact of a player’s shooting on their team’s success.

Historical TSP Data:
Some websites and databases also provide historical TSP data for players and teams. This allows you to track a player’s shooting efficiency over time and to compare it to other players in the league.

Advanced Analytics Platforms:
Advanced analytics platforms, such as those used by NBA teams and analysts, often include TSP as one of the metrics they track. This allows them to gain deeper insights into player performance and team strategies.
Overall, the availability of TSP online as a convenient tool makes it even more accessible and useful for coaches, analysts, and fans alike. This metric can be used to evaluate player shooting efficiency, compare players, and track player performance over time.
FAQ
Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the True Shooting Percentage (TSP) calculator:
Question 1: What is a TSP calculator?
Answer 1: A TSP calculator is an online tool that allows you to easily calculate a player’s True Shooting Percentage (TSP). Simply enter the player’s statistics, such as points scored, field goal attempts, and free throw attempts, and the calculator will automatically calculate their TSP.
Question 2: Why should I use a TSP calculator?
Answer 2: A TSP calculator can be useful for evaluating player shooting efficiency, comparing players, and tracking player performance over time. TSP is a more comprehensive measure of shooting efficiency than traditional field goal percentage, as it takes into account all three types of shots: field goals, free throws, and threepointers.
Question 3: How do I use a TSP calculator?
Answer 3: Using a TSP calculator is easy. Simply enter the player’s statistics into the calculator and it will automatically calculate their TSP. Most TSP calculators will require you to enter the following information:
 Player’s name
 Points scored
 Field goal attempts
 Free throw attempts
Question 4: Where can I find a TSP calculator?
Answer 4: There are many TSP calculators available online. Some popular options include:
 Basketball Reference TSP Calculator
 NBA TSP Calculator
 ESPN TSP Calculator
Question 5: How often should I use a TSP calculator?
Answer 5: You can use a TSP calculator as often as you like. It is a good idea to use it whenever you want to evaluate a player’s shooting efficiency or compare players. You can also use it to track a player’s performance over time by calculating their TSP for different periods of time, such as a season or a month.
Question 6: What are some limitations of TSP calculators?
Answer 6: TSP calculators are a useful tool, but they do have some limitations. One limitation is that they do not take into account the context of a player’s shots. For example, a player may have a high TSP, but they may be taking a lot of difficult shots. Another limitation is that TSP calculators do not take into account other factors that can affect a player’s shooting efficiency, such as injuries or changes in their role on the team.
Question 7: Are there any other factors I should consider when evaluating a player’s shooting efficiency?
Answer 7: In addition to TSP, there are a number of other factors that you may want to consider when evaluating a player’s shooting efficiency. These factors include:
 Field goal percentage
 Threepoint percentage
 Free throw percentage
 Shot selection
 Usage rate
 Player’s role on the team
By considering all of these factors, you can get a more comprehensive understanding of a player’s shooting efficiency.
Overall, TSP calculators are a valuable tool for evaluating player shooting efficiency. They are easy to use and can provide insights into a player’s performance that may not be apparent from looking at traditional statistics like field goal percentage. However, it is important to keep in mind the limitations of TSP calculators and to consider other factors when evaluating a player’s shooting efficiency.
In addition to using a TSP calculator, there are a number of other things you can do to evaluate player shooting efficiency. These include:
Tips
Here are four practical tips for using a True Shooting Percentage (TSP) calculator:
Tip 1: Use a reputable TSP calculator.
Not all TSP calculators are created equal. Some calculators may use different formulas or methods to calculate TSP, which can lead to inaccurate results. To ensure that you are getting accurate results, use a TSP calculator from a reputable source, such as Basketball Reference, NBA.com, or ESPN.
Tip 2: Enter the correct statistics.
When using a TSP calculator, it is important to enter the correct statistics for the player you are evaluating. This includes points scored, field goal attempts, and free throw attempts. If you enter incorrect statistics, the calculator will produce inaccurate results.
Tip 3: Consider the context of the player’s shots.
TSP is a useful metric for evaluating player shooting efficiency, but it is important to consider the context of the player’s shots. For example, a player may have a high TSP, but they may be taking a lot of difficult shots. To get a more complete picture of a player’s shooting efficiency, consider factors such as shot selection, usage rate, and the player’s role on the team.
Tip 4: Use TSP in conjunction with other metrics.
TSP is a valuable metric for evaluating player shooting efficiency, but it is not the only metric that you should consider. Other metrics, such as field goal percentage, threepoint percentage, and free throw percentage, can also provide valuable insights into a player’s shooting ability. By considering all of these metrics together, you can get a more comprehensive understanding of a player’s shooting efficiency.
Closing Paragraph for Tips
By following these tips, you can use a TSP calculator to effectively evaluate player shooting efficiency. TSP is a valuable metric that can provide insights into a player’s performance that may not be apparent from looking at traditional statistics like field goal percentage. However, it is important to keep in mind the limitations of TSP and to consider other factors when evaluating a player’s shooting efficiency.
Overall, TSP calculators are a useful tool for evaluating player shooting efficiency. They are easy to use and can provide valuable insights into a player’s performance. By following the tips above, you can use a TSP calculator to get the most accurate and meaningful results.
Conclusion
True Shooting Percentage (TSP) is a comprehensive metric that evaluates a player’s shooting efficiency by taking into account all three types of shots: field goals, free throws, and threepointers. TSP is a more accurate and meaningful measure of shooting efficiency than traditional field goal percentage, as it rewards players who are efficient at making highvalue shots, such as threepointers and free throws.
TSP calculators are a valuable tool for evaluating player shooting efficiency. They are easy to use and can provide insights into a player’s performance that may not be apparent from looking at traditional statistics like field goal percentage. By following the tips outlined in this article, you can use a TSP calculator to get the most accurate and meaningful results.
Overall, TSP is a valuable metric for evaluating player shooting efficiency. It is easy to calculate using a TSP calculator and can be used to compare players, track player performance over time, and identify undervalued players.
Closing Message:
Whether you are a coach, analyst, or fan, TSP is a valuable tool that can help you understand and appreciate the nuances of player shooting efficiency. By using TSP calculators and considering the factors discussed in this article, you can gain a deeper understanding of the game of basketball and the players who play it.